Nairobi: East African Literature Bureau, 1971. Among some peoples of East Africa it is thought that a person dies only if he or she has no one to remember him or her. 3. For the Ba Thonga people of southern Africa, among whom the ancestral system is well developed, ideas and ritual practices relating to the cult of the dead are central aspects of community life. Intuitive divination uses the deep spiritual insight of the diviner, who has great power to reveal issues and concerns of the client. Kingship is integral to African belief systems for at least two reasons. African religious leaders include the sacred kings and chiefs who often serve as both spiritual and community leaders. The intricate myths and legends describing African deities provide ample evidence of their habits, functions, powers, activities, status, and influence. These moral values are thus embedded in the religious ethos and cosmology. Various African cultures have developed intricate sets of ethical customs, rules, and taboos. Throughout Africa innumerable myths explain the creation of the universe, how man and woman appeared, the origin of the culture, and how people arrived in their current location. In this sense, every member of society contributes to the religion's living oral "texts.". Moral Imagination in Kaguru Modes of Thought. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. Most traditional African religious cultures have thus become more inclusive. Marriage to a close relative, incest, and disrespect of property and life are taboo. For instance, Yoruba devotees of an orisa (deity) wear red and white marks on their foreheads. Beginning in the late twentieth century hundreds of African Americans embraced Yoruba traditions by founding the Kingdom of Oyotunji African Village near the city of Sheldon, South Carolina. Natural religious sites are vast in number, and every traditional African culture has many. Traditional African medicine involves diviners, midwives, and herbalists. Thus, religious founders are described in creation stories. This is not uncommon with particularly those of our kind who have been opportune to acquire some western-style education abroad. Shrines and altars are most often found in natural spaces or in locations that are considered powerful places for connecting with the invisible. There is great variation in the traditions and rituals surrounding death. all aspects of a traditional African culture, if an individual rejects the culture's religion, he or she may become isolated from family, friends, and the community. As African religious cultures spread from Cuba, Brazil, Trinidad, and other places of the diaspora to the United States, new forms emerged that catered to the Indeed, in ancient African kingdoms, whenever the power of the king waned, he committed suicide to save the community. Anyone can communicate with the spirits, but priests, priestesses, prophets, and diviners have more direct access to invisible arenas of the world. . After the recitation the client tells the diviner if any of the verses is relevant to the crisis. The palm tree design on a person's body signifies identification with Ògún. For instance, ancestors often attain their status after they have received proper burial rituals. A male priest or a traditional ruler may wear a long hairstyle signifying a female deity, thereby assuming the persona of the deity and establishing a special connection with her. To the most senior set of twins Mawu-Lisa bestowed authority to rule the Earth. African Traditional Religion The beliefs and practices of ATR are based upon the faith of the ancient indigenous people (ancestors). Some African groups have cults dedicated to the Supreme Being, but in general the creator does not have a special cult of devotees. However, the CIA World Factbook, claims that the two Christian denominations have an equal percentage of adherents, each accounting for about 25% of the national population. African Ideas of God. The gods are concerned with many issues in the day-to-day life of the people, including their fertility, agricultural production, governance, and health and well-being. Eating habits and diet differ vastly among regions of Africa. Kingship is integral to African belief systems for at least two reasons. Within Africa itself expressions of culture are abundant such that large amounts of cultural diversity are found not only across different countries but also within single countries as well. Some religious and non-religious scholars alike have always highlighted that of all the races in the world that God created the African is said to be the most notoriously religious. Dietary restrictions take place for various reasons, including a person's stage of life, gender, or social class. The ancestors often reward devotion to ancestral traditions by bestow blessings upon members of their lineages. African cosmogonic narratives explain how the world was put into place by a divine personality, usually the Supreme God in collaboration with lesser supernatural beings who act on his behalf or aid in the creative process. In addition to having medicinal uses, the herbs carry symbolic properties and qualities that make them appropriate for religious uses. In most traditional African cultures morals are of two classes—those that govern individual conduct and those that govern social and community relations. The spirit takes hold of the diviner and speaks in spirit voices, which are interpreted by the diviner's assistants. This is because traditional weavers manufacture textiles from palm fronds and also because Ògún's preferred food and drink come from the oil palm tree. These objects emphasize that the body, conceived in the earth, returns to the earth. Second, the physical well-being of a king reflects the well-being of his people, including their agricultural and hunting life. Thus, linguistic experts such as Christopher Ehretand Placide Tempels have applied their knowledge of languages towards reconstructing the original core beliefs of the followers of these traditions. The African worldview is based on a belief that every living and inanimate object is sacred on some level. A bad death (suicide or murder) may cause the victim to be buried in the "waste bush" to discourage the spirit from reincarnating or disturbing the peace of the living. 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