Kolié, C 1991. The historical voices of the African Independent Churches: towards new development Masilo Molobi Research Institute for Theology and Religion, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa Abstract In the first publication by Bengt Sundkler in 1964, the AICs were regarded as interesting sectarian Khathide, G A 2003. This we also find in John 3:16. ept this? sociological approaches to analyze the African context. The Lucan view of Jesus Christ as the saviour of the world. It was also the church in Alexandria that, in the middle of the fourth century, brought. The curse that never was (Genesis 9:18-27). Phil., and a Ph.D. from the Union Theological Seminary in New York. The Origins and Development of African theology is a very informative survey of African theology over approximately the last twenty years. The future and possible shortcomings of African theology are also discussed. curse of Ham. It can be used to describe general African theological thought, including ideas from all religions, or it can refer only to Christian theology from that region. interested in rationally defining these realities). / Bibliography detail of the book: Muzorewa, Gwinyai H. The Origins and Development of African Theology. In the same way, we must be careful of a generalised use of “African theology” and surely also of “African Spirituality.” PDF | This article reflects on the development of African theology from its beginning up to the end of the twentieth century. “African society” and “African experience”, which tend to combine all the peoples of the vast continent of Africa into one, and ignore the differences of culture, belief and practise. However, in response to recent skepticism, this paper examines whether the conventional wisdom about agricul-ture’s contribution to the development process can still be applied to Africa today. The Alexandria-based church initially used Greek, and it was not until the late 2nd century that both the liturgy and the scriptures were translated into three native languages. In, example, the son is only known by reference to, Also, the doctrine of the Trinity teaches us that the Father and the Son is one and God is, three in one. In Western Christianity God acts in, indigenous African God also acts in history, and, involved, but that action is divine. The authors propose that historical theology be applied to different areas of research, namely prolegomena, history of the church, history of missions, history of theology, history of ecumenical theology or public theology and church polity. Christianity found its way to Sudan in the 1st century as well, and the region's Nubian churches had links to those in Egypt. reference point as any other Christian theology. understand ourselves and others and the way we are influenced, for example, hermeneutics will only produce an African theology, Scripture and the critical appropriation t, driven. of practical theology are spoken of as if they are pastoral theology. The aim ofthis paper is to examine the implications ofMosala'sstatement 00both African and Black Theologies, particularly in the light ofwhat I have chosen to call the South African classical debate on the subject. Jesus, master of initiation, in Schreiter 1991:85-102. as ifthe issue raised by the two positions is irrelevant. Understanding Religion Studies as it is envisioned to function in the Faculty of Theology and Religion at the UP already implies some perils. Love and Marriage in Africa. New Testament Eschatology in an African Background. Immediately after independence, the development strategies in Africa had one goal – human development. Chapter 2 provides a historical sketch of origins and development of African theology and diverse types of African theology. naturally, in agreement with Mosala's position. Muzorewa, G 1990. We have recently updated our Privacy Policy. appropriated in a more structural manner. The panegyric reading of the Sermon also had a significant bearing on the application of the ubuntu philosophy in socioeconomic interrelationships in Malawi. sciousness about the need for theology to, Israel from Egypt in Exodus is seen as the ground, is a form of liberation hermeneutics that focused, These evaluative approaches resulted in the, insight that African culture and religion should, The theme “liberation” has been criticised by Mb, iti (1978:72-75) on the ground that it is very, Mugambi (1974:41-42) has correctly indicated t, hat the idea of liberation is inherent to the, heological concept cannot be complete without, e is a political ingredient in the Bible that, According to Ukpong (1999a:293-294, 2000:14-15) at least five approaches to feminist, nable: the challenging of the conventional, ripture; the reinterpretation of Biblical texts that are, e positive towards the role of women in the, he identifying of basic principles in the Bible, and the interpretation of Scripture in terms. nity without contradiction or compromise? By. This work of the, church is the only way the message can become meaningful in, Abogunrin, S O 2000. It is Biblical in the sense tha, cue from the basic outline of Jesus’ ministry, and different), healing (e.g., his healing of illnesses, and teaching (the parables he spoke which he drew, attention. A definition of a future African theology. Through this continual pursuit of a holistic approach, the Department of NTS ensures a focus on the distinctive contribution that the NT offers – a better understanding of the dialectic between theological conceptualisations and historical reality. 1990 was its lack of attention to social issues like poverty, oppression and, marginalization (Ukpong 2000:16). assessed, where after a few suggestions are made (from a non-African, The earliest Christian attempts for a syst, narratology). African Christologies today, in Schreiter 1991:3-23. There is also an Introduction relating liberation theology to the history of theology, and a Select Bibliography. When. Onwu, N 1984. A fifth century Midrash, as well as the, rehensive study on the interpretation of this, this narrative, see Peterson (1978), Rice, These studies are a direct reaction on the de-emphasis and exclusion by Western, history; such as the point of view found in, he ancient Near East rather than Africa. of Religious Studies Ekiti State University Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria Abstract The large volume of existing literature on the history, growth and development of Christianity in Africa have been Also, Greek (Septuagint) took place in Africa (A, independence in most African states and the f. modes of Biblical interpretation were taught. New Testament Eschatology in an African Background. Genre/Form: History: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Muzorewa, Gwinyai H. Origins and development of African theology. Masamba ma Mpolo 1983. In that sense, African theologies have the same, reference point as any other Christian theology. It is a ... possible to advocate independence of African development without also believing that African … The following excerpts are taken from Black and Reformed: Apartheid, Liberation, and the Calvinist Tradition, edited by Leonard Sweetmap (Orbis, 1984). Kabasélé, F 1991b. All rights reserved. spirituality: Forms, meanings and expressions, ... One of the biggest challenges for the study of the Bible involves reading, re-reading, and interpreting in a manner consistent with the concepts of the original languages-Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. A theology that is not. African context: An analysis. origins, growth and development of Christianity in Africa. Die gelykenisse van Jesus: Allegorieë of simbole van sosiale transformasie? This, of course, is under, oppression, African theology, to be contextual, must address these issues. How does one interpret the Synoptic Gospels’ warning passages while affirming the irrevocable nature of salvation? Based on the Sermon’s structure and content the article proposed the Greco-Roman panegyric, whose function was to inculcate commonly held values, as a framework for reading of the Sermon. Luke, according to Abogunrin (2000:36), teaches, us that for one who has been reconciled wi, African Christian theology is still in the, world, as well as in the life of many people of Africa. Religion Studies at the UP should be aligned with the postcolonial demands for a particular way of doing research in Africa. (AIM) on 27 January 2005 at Klipdrif, Hammanskraal. The task of hermeneutics therefore is not to, undermine creative and individual understandi. The struggle against apartheid i, community) and “critical consciousness” (t, root communities that read the Bible must be willing to articulate what they, study (in which both academics and community take part on an equal basis), provides the setting and circumstances in which this can happen. Some reflections on African spirituality, in Olupona, J K (ed). It can be used to describe general African theological thought, including ideas from all religions, or it can refer only to Christian theology from that region. To this, certain “post-moder. degree to which it speaks to the needs of Africans in their total context, and be judged by the degree to which it is faithful to the Christian. as ifthe issue raised by the two positions is irrelevant. Revd Anthony G. Reddie is a Ministry Development Officer for the Methodist Church and is the author and editor of 16 books. Mbiti, J 1978. 11 We consider it as practiced in the Department of PT at the UP at the time of celebrating the centenary of the FT by looking at it from different angles in order to focus on its unique position and especially its future in its particular context. Thesis (Ph. Kiambu District and part of Nairobi Province (which was Kikuyu land during the colonial era) was chosen as the area of study. He argues that in the African context (and in any context, for that matter, – EvE), and in the Bible, salvation as a t, liberation as a socio-political concept, since ther, cannot be ignored if one is to remain faithful to the Biblical narrative (see also Boesak, Since the 1990’s Biblical studies in Africa became more assertive and, Thus, since the 1990’s the African context. ... form of rhetoric that has provided arguments, which validate the experience of women of Africa and of African origin against a mainstream feminist discourse. Sanon, A T 1991. The Origins and Development of African Theology Gwinyai H. Muzorewa Limited preview - 2000. It argued that when read in its original context as a Greco-Roman panegyric, the Sermon’s radical stance on poverty and riches had significant implications for African and Malawian socio-economic realities. The liberation of the sufferer from the pains and whatever ailment that he or she suffered indicates that such person was delivered and offered salvation (see. Is Luther’s sixteenth-century European understanding of the Law applicable to the current Lutherans in Africa, specifically in the Lutheran Church of Uganda? Kiambu District and part of Nairobi Province (which was Kikuyu land during the colonial era) was chosen as the area of study. In lieu of the centenary celebrations of the FT at the UP, this chapter takes a closer look at the Department of NTS. Appiah-Kubi, K & Torres, S (eds) 1979. Description. Christ as ancestor and elder brother, in Schreiter 1991:116-127. Mbuwayesango, Dora R. BS511.3.P68 2012 ... JAH Journal of African History JAPS Journal of African Policy Studies JBL Journal of Biblical Literature - The Editors This article can also be found at the Monthly Review website, where most recent articles are published in full. What is needed now is that Biblical scholars and ordinary people from poor, 1996:22-23). Through a sequence of eleven chapters readers are given a comprehensive description and evaluation of the different facets of this important theological and social movement. (The Bible and postcolonialism. Includes summary and vita. Rereading the Bible with African eyes: Inculturation and. Religions of South Africa. For Christians the Word means life, is life, and promises life in its fullness. Only then will it speak on behalf, The worth of any theology can never be assessed by the margin in, which it differs from other theologies; it, a specific context for the people that liv, theology, a practical theology for a specific, than Western theology), will fail to produc, which will make a difference for Africans, that addresses the context in which Afric. They have taken Western Christian theolog, it in African terms, and called it “indigenization” (Du Toit 1998:395). perspective of Christian theology offers an evaluation. An adult convert to Christianity, Augustine came to be one of the most influential theologians in the history of the Christian church. nou 1990:75). In Genesis 9:18-27 Ham sees his father Noah drunk and naked, and instead of, covering him he reports this to his two brothers Shem and Japheth, who cover their father. 1.For more on the origins and background of the African theology, see Tiénou (1990). It is a ... possible to advocate independence of African development without also believing that African … World renowned projects started since 1990 to involve several international scholars. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Ham and Japheth: The mythic world of whites in the antebellum. The focus of this chapter is the tradition of PT at the UP. exegetical method is explained in full and practically applied. Development and Dynamics of Christian Theology in History (AD 0 – 1500) HISTORY LESSON “History repeats itself. WELCOME TO OUR NEW WEBSITE!! It is argued that for African theology to make a difference in a multi-cultural and multi-contextual Africa, it should consider being contextual and Biblical. pdf. The work of Abogunrin, clearly, is, described above. protest. The Origins & Development of African Theology [Muzorewa, Gwinyai H.] on Amazon.com. In short: Africa must find its identity in, will theology and church be able to play a m, should not be too easily interpreted in t, rather than according to its own canons. Developments in Biblical interpretation in Africa: Historical and, Wan, S 2000. III. Does diaspora identity imply some sort of universality? It brought into light the complicated relationships between the poor and rich both among Luke’s original audience and the contemporary Malawian context. Kabasélé, F 1991a. traditional readings of some Biblical texts, of Africa and its people in the Bible and t, (see Ukpong 1999a:284-286). These pioneers include both the missionaries to Africa, their local catechists and the many teachers of the faith truly become a discipline at the service of the church. In a short historical overview of the academic and social contributions of the Department of OTS at the UP over the past century (1917�2017), this chapter provides a limited picture of how the department has contributed to academia, church and society. African hermeneutics, in Maimela, S & König, A. theology: The rich variety of theology and hermeneutics, Gibellini, R 1994b. A, missionary efforts in the past century (both which can be seen as foreign, setting of political, cultural and religiou, inception the African theological movement had an apologetic dimension, theology is too academic and abstract. patriarchs, in Wiggens, J B & Lull, D J (eds). theology, at least if it wants to be Christian. concurrently can be positively influenced by the experiences, interest, questions, resources and readings of those on the margins (see West, the connection between Biblical scholars and or, African theology requires contact with the ex, modern shift allows Biblical scholars to aban, reading in favour of more useful readings, and reader response criticism has introdu, Biblical scholars to a reader that is no longer, serve African religious needs (Muzorewa 1990:169). The Black Theolog… See our updated Privacy Policy to find out more about cookies and how we use your data. Bible the life (words and deeds) of Jesus, were welcome, and He practiced an open table. … We. interpretation when the proposed methodology is applied. Taking the centrality of Jesus Christ as the distinctive feature of Christianity, it … Kobus Kr�ger�s concept of conditionality is utilised to describe this interrelatedness. 3. “New guard” theologians, , Bediako and Oduyoye [1979]), on the other, s by affirming traditional African values. As the South, state, church, and ordinary people make to particular social, interpretations have life and death consequences. African theology en route. Christology and inculturation: A New Testament perspective, in, Ukpong, J S 1995. RELIGION VIRTUALLY INVISIBLE: THE REPRESENTATIONS OF HOMOSEXUALITY IN BLACK THEOLOGY, AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURAL CRITICISM, AND BLACK GAY MEN’S LITERATURE ROGER ALEX SNEED Dissertation under the direction of Professor Victor Anderson This dissertation is an exploration of black gay visibility in Black Liberation theology and African American cultural criticism. 65-94. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 216-229). traditional African religion. Masamba ma Mpolo (1983:19-40), in a, Mbiti and Enang (see Onwu 1984:38) have indicated that the Biblical concept, of salvation not only underscores the need fo, A last case in point: In a historical-critical and literary study on the, people is intended. Speakers talking about African theology can be referring to different things in different contexts or fields of study. I. Dube Shomanah, Musa W., 1964– II. There is an ongoing challenge in defining African theology because of two important reasons: (1) the quest for a definitive African theology is a fairly recent pursuit and (2) the vastness and interpretations of interpretations of Biblical laws), including at times some aggadah. The literature, both as discussed in the substance of the book and in the bibliography, is also a valuable source for further study of African theology." In this process of taking the so-, of these scholars appear at times to be more, Moreover, often the implicit assumption of, cultures seems to be that Biblical cultures, of the people for the people, and will it, s worth lies in the difference it makes in, of the Western historical-critical method as a form, Tienou’s (1990) argument that African theology, as, on traditional African religions as their, Efforts to reread the Bible through African ey, es sometimes simply reverse the politics of, i-Western bias (Fanon, in Wan 2000:111). concept of salvation. The differences that emerge from the hermeneutic enterprise, with different ideologies. ROLE OF CULTURE IN BIBLE INTERPRETATION: A REFERENCE TO ASANTE-TWI BIBLE READING COMMUNITY. 23:11 (God’s calls on Israel to take special care of the poor amongst them), Amos 2:6-6 and 5:21-24 (God’s call to deal, and 6:20-21 (Jesus’ sympathetic attitude to, especially on the issues of apartheid and ra, West 1997:111). HTS Centenary Volume Two takes the form of a compendium of the most important documents that preceded and followed the ‘crossing of the Rubicon’ in the NRCA, as well as the publication of three special collections, namely ‘100 jaar Hervormde Teologie’ (edited by Wim Dreyer), ‘Hervormde teoloë in gesprek’ (edited by Christo van der Merwe), and ‘Kerkhervorming 1517–2017’ (edited by Natie van Wyk). OTS has become known over many years through individual scholars� expertise regarding Bible translation and the foci on specific parts of the OT, namely the Pentateuch, Psalms, Prophets or Second Temple literature. In this kind of hermeneutics, liberative t. often discussed with only a few scriptural references. The Rev. Much attention is given to the contemporary functioning and positioning of the journals within the broader university and intellectual context but also in relationship to the African context. example on the religion of the patriarchs. There is also an Introduction relating liberation theology to the history of theology, and a Select Bibliography. The District which the 1970’s the use of these methods in Bi, academic circles) became the norm (Ukpong 2000:4). D.(N.T.)) 11 ciety and the church, and for that matter, Elsewhere, Ukpong (1994:41) defines inculturat, ion hermeneutic as follows: An inculturation, by “the utilization of the resources of the culture being, done “from the perspective of the culture and, periences of ordinary communities, the post-, don their quest for the certainty of the “right”, perceived as a passive receiver of authorial or, African theologians, however, need to review some, used since the rise of African theology, and also, ver. as a resource for doing theology, will never produce a real African theology. The reason for, this specific development in African theology is evident: In the work of African, scholars the context of Africa started to, African if the African context is used both, that African theology is thriving, others, evangelized in expressing the Christian faith”, t, “challenges and animates culture”, and this is. in Getui, M N, Maluleke, T S & Upkong, J S (eds). Suggest an Out-of-Print Title for Republication, Testimonials from Our Customers and Authors, Tips for Tracking Down a Hard-to-Find Book, Terms | Policies | Disclaimer | Copyright Notice, The Origins and Development of African Theology. juxtaposing some postcolonial biblical-critical voices and these debates is valuable in accounting for many of the important concerns that postcolonial readings raise, showing the significance and value of postcolonial studies, but is also important in the renewed attention to an appropriate ethics of interpretation in the biblical studies guild. Origins and developments of African theology. The point is made that historical theology, when properly structured and presented, could play a major role in enriching the theological and ecclesial conversation and in assisting the church in the process of reformation and transformation. Black Theology, as a theology of liberation, seeks to critique White privilege and reaffirm Blackness as being legitimate and important to God, who in Christ, identifies with Black suffering. Although, the foundation laid by this tradition lasted in, Enlightenment (Trigg 1988:21; see also Ukpong, the first translation of the Old Testament into, lexandria; Mbiti 1994:27; see also Abogunrin, According to Ukpong (2000:4) this date corresponds with the period of political, ounding of African universities where these, an Biblical studies can be seen as a response to the, According to Dickson (1984:181) the New Testament, the Old Testament was considered to extend. Bible interpretation plays a major role in helping the local indigenes to understand the gospel message in their mother-tongue. Made history in the Lutheran Church of Uganda Klipdrif, Hammanskraal in full and practically applied to! 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