Christianity played a role in ending practices such as human sacrifice, slavery, infanticide and polygamy. In an attempt to augment political and regional influence, nations like Great Britain and France needed a justification … Long held Christian teachings on sexuality and marriage have also been influential in family life. The Bible and Christian theology have also strongly influenced Western philosophers and political activists. Christianity is believed to have been introduced in Ghana during the late 15th century by the coming into contact with the Europeans who were embarking on a trade expedition, specifically Roman Catholic missionaries accompanying Portuguese traders.3 Since then, there was an influx Christianity is the world's largest religion, practiced by roughly 2.2 billion people worldwide. The first is the reasons for colonization of Africa and the strategies used to achieve the colonial objectives. Western Christianity is composed of the Latin Church and Protestantism, together with their offshoots such as Independent Catholicism and Restorationism. Africa is one of the largest and most populous continents in the world, as well as the birthplace of humanity. A semitic language and the role of traditional religion in the emerging Christian communities was evident and significant. While many in the Sahel converted to Islam, and those in the south converted to Christianity, traditional religions remained strong and still retain a powerful hold over the consciousness of West Africans, even coexisting with established aspects of Islam or Christianity. The second is the impacts of colonialism in Africa. Since the religion was introduced to the continent in the 7th century, it has spread extensively and the continent today is home to nearly one-third of the Muslim population in the world. These early caliphates, coupled with Muslim economics and trading and the later expansion of the Ottoman Empire, resulted in Islam’s spread outwards from Mecca towards bo… There will also be conclusion/refl ections at … In West Africa Arabic became the language of region, but West Africa they use their own language in every speech. By the end of the 3rd Century, Christianity had spread beyond the walls of Carthage to areas that were occupied by he nomadic tribes that lived on the edge of the Sahara. Influences of Islam and Christianity Early civilizations in the western Sudan region had strong trading links across the Sahara, and an Islamic presence was established south of the desert 1,000 years ago. In the Bible, polygamy is condemned and it is considered a sin. What aspect of Roman civilization allowed Christianity to spread in North Africa? So, how does the world's largest religion look in this major continent? The early spread of Islam was directly linked to the revelations and work of the Prophet Muhammad who preached religious and moral reform throughout Arabia between 610 and 632 c.e. Give an example of how each influenced the people or culture of Africa. Christianity, despite its eclipse from most of Northern Africa in subsequent centuries. The commodities gold and salt were important to many regions of West Africa because. History of Christianity in West Africa Up to the 19th Century ... We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. The Bible was translated into several variations of the Coptic language, and monasticism, which originated in Egypt, spread to the Latin-speaking church of western North Africa. However, the origins of the movement were fraught with struggle. Trade facilitated the spread of religion, in the first place not so much because of missionaries and church officials but because Christian merchants constituted social networks that met their need for social security and solidarity, in situations where they operated far from their homes and under considerable risk for prolonged periods of time. “Christianity was a double-edged sword [for African-Americans],” says Dr. Lawrence H. Mamiya, Professor of Religion and Africana Studies at Vassar … Before the arrival of Islam and Christianity, every race, tribe or clan in West Africa practised its own traditional religion. The work will be examined under two broad headings. The Africans affected lost a large part of their sense of identity, self-respect, pride in their blackness etc. In the 11th century Kumbi, the capital of the kingdom of Ghana (in present-day Mali), was described as having a dozen mosques. Every Muslim should read Quran and remember the parts. The Shaping of Roman Christianity in Africa Egyptian Christianity grew and spread. During the late 19 th century, European nations increasingly vied for global power. Contents. In places where Africans had practiced a separate form of religion, had their own societal rules and ethical laws Western Christianity was imposed as a method of guised colonialism. Its military prowess. In West Africa they built huge libraries with lots of books. Western Christianity is one of two sub-divisions of Christianity (Eastern Christianity being the other). When Islam first emerged in Arabia during the mid-seventh century, there was little indication that within 150 years the movement would come to dominate the entire Middle East, as well as northern Africa and Spain. colonialism and its impact in Africa. The author also expressed that prior to Christianity acculturation of elements of the traditional th African religious experience had occurred precipitated by contact with Islam. Islam enjoys a dominant presence in States situated in West Africa, North Africa, the Swahili Coast, and the Horn of Africa. Once in North Africa, Christianity spread slowly West from Alexandria and East to Ethiopia. To many European nations, Christianity represented western civilization and the basis for Anglo-Saxon morality. Christianity developed in the province of Judea out of Jewish tradition in the first century CE, spread through the Roman Empire, and eventually became its official religion Christianity was influenced by the historical contexts in which it developed This book provides a wonderful insight into the early period of Christianity in West Africa, and articulates its pre-Christian … "The Spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: A Survey and Analysis of the Numbers and Percentages of Christians, Muslims and Those who Practice Indigenous Religions," Although the majority of Africans today are adherents of Christianity or Islam, African people often combine the practice of their traditional belief with the practice of Abrahamic religions. Further south, Christianity was introduced later by European Christian missions, initially on the heels of Portuguese expansion into the Kingdom of the Kongo and Angola in the 16th century, the slave trade in the ensuing centuries, and the general expansion of European influence and colonialism in the 19th and 20th centuries in an explosive combination of “Christianity, Commerce and Civilization.” In West Africa, most of the upper class converted to Islam, influenced learning ... by Islam when it was introduced Became more popular during the European Age of Exploration in 15th century CE Portuguese missionaries spread Christianity to Africa It will additionally examine Christianity in sub-Saharan Africa before 1800 including the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and Kongo Catholicism. they helped create great wealth and vast trade networks that spread new ideas. Adherents of traditional religions in sub-Saharan Africa are distributed among 43 countries and are estimated to number over 100 million.. Portuguese Exploration and missionary work in West Africa . The expansion of the Arab Empire in the years following the Prophet Muhammad’s death led to the creation of caliphates occupying a vast geographical area. Christianity served as a major force in the partition and eventual colonization of Africa (Boahen 12). Acceptance of the faith in the polythe… Islam spread throughout West Africa and Arabic language as well. Conversion to Islam was boosted by missionary activities, particularly those of Imams, who easily intermingled with local populace to propagate religious teachings. One Islamic scholar's library had books. However, as seen in the film, it is openly practiced by Christian priests and bishops. Another was that African tradition influenced Christianity was by the practicing of polygamy by bishops and priests of a church. 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