Military organization: A province was divided into a number of Sarkars (Districts). An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Service in Babur’s army: TOS4. (ii) Battle of Chausa with Humayun and Sher Shah’s victory. He repaired old roads. (v) and (vi) conquest of Multan and Sind (1543). Trade tax was collected only at two places. Sher Shah was a secular ruler who practised tolerance and welfare. Sher Shah’s greatest achievement was his revenue system. Dacoits and robbers were dealt with very sternly. Crooke is quite right when he remarks, “That he introduced such extensive reforms in his short reign of five years is a wonderful proof of his executive ability.”, Indian History, Medieval Period, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. He introduced the currency of rupee. His army included 1, 50,000 cavalry, 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants and a part of artillery. This is an account of Sher Shah Suri--a man of surpassing personal excellence, a great and exemplary ruler, and the greatest leader ever produced by the Afghans. Content Guidelines 2. He is also credited to have introduced the tri-metal coinage system which later came to characterize the Mughal coinage system. Factors Responsible for Sher Shah’s Military Achievements: Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. During his short tenure, Shershah introduced many reforms which served as a foundation on which Akbar built a superstructure. The Early Carrier & Military Achievements of Sher Shah Suri, Successors of Sher Shah | Mughul Dynasty | India, Administration of India under Sher Shah | Mughal Dynasty | India, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. Analyse the achievements and failures of Mughal emperors. Sher shah was impressed by the Rajput valour, Sher Shah won a victory though at great cost with the loss several thousand Afghan; on the battle field and coming near to loosing his empire. Ask your question. In I $ 8, he was able to remove Humayun from the throne andforced him during this interregnum to take refuge in Persia; Sher's death in battle cleared the way for Humayin's successful return. Sher Shah Suri was not only a courageous warrior, but also an able administrator. Sher Shah Reduced to submission the whole region from Ajmer to Abu. Besides the standing army under the direct command of the Sultan, provincial governors, nobles and subordinate rulers were also allowed to maintain their separate armies. Dr. Qanungo has described the importance of this victory in these words, “If Sher Shah had not been victorious at Surajgarh, he would have never figured in the political sphere of India and would not have got an opportunity to compete with Humayun… for the founding of an empire.”. Sher Shah Suri divided his empire into 47 sarkars. With the victory at Kannauj, Sher Shah became the ruler of Delhi. On the other hand, the province of Bengal was administered by a civilian. Like the Sarkars, there were two chief officers called a Shiqdar (military officer) and Munsif (civilian judge) who were assisted by other staff in the discharge-of their duties. Log in. Their appointment and dismissal was at his discretion. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. Civil Administration. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Shiqdar was the head of Sarkar and head of pargana administration. Meanwhile the ruler of Chunar died and Sher Shah married his widow. Sher Shah had a number of ministers to assist him in his administrative work. In the sensitive provinces like Lahore, Multan and Malwa, military governors looked after the administration. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! The Administration of Sher Shah Suri may be considered as a continuation and culmination of the Delhi Sultanate. Salient Features of Sher Shah’s General Administration: Sher Shah, by the dint of his military skill, daring acts, great courage and resourcefulness not only established a mighty empire. Military achievements of Sher Shah may be categorized under three heads namely: (iii) Conquests after becoming emperor of Delhi. The rupia introduced by Sher Shah was made of silver. image source: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/Sher_Shah_Suri_by_Breshna.jpg. [citation needed] Humayun had two major rivals for his lands: Sultan Bahadur of Gujarat to the southwest and Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan) settled along the river Ganges in Bihar to the east. He went to Jaunpur for studies. Following are some of the main instances of Sher Shah’s military strategy: (i) Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender to Humayun at Chunar fort. 1. Sher Shah defeated the combined forces of the Lohani chiefs of Bihar and Mohamud Shah of Bengal at Surajgarh. Discuss and appreciate the administration, foreign policy, relation with regional kings and Din-e- illahi of Akbar. While Qanungo has opined that there was no administrative unit called ‘Suba’ or ‘Iqta’, Dr. P. Saran states that there were ‘Subas’ where military officers were appointed by She Shah. He recruited mostly Afghan soldiers from every part of the country and also from Afghanistan and gave them important posts in the army. About 1700 sarais were constructed on both sides of the roads. (ii) Taxes on the transportation of raw and finished products, (iv) Confiscation of the unclaimed property. Indian History, Rulers, Sher Shah, Achievements, Achievements of Sher Shah. He introduced many reforms and on that basis Akbar built a … Each Sarkar was divided into small units called the parganas and each Pargana was further subdivided into a number of villages. (iii) Sowing dissentions in Maldev’s army by forged letters. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. Sher Shah Suri (1486 – 22 May 1545), born FarÄ«d Khān, was the founder of the Suri Empire in the northern part of the Indian subcontinent, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar. Log in. In the words of Qanungo, “The land revenue administration of Sher Shah was a valuable heritage for the Mughals. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. After the battle of Chausa he declared himself independent Sultan of Bengal and Bihar. Join now. 3. Provision was also made for scholarships on the basis of merit. Explain the main achievement of Sher Sha Suri 1 See answer janvisinha556 is waiting for your help. Babur’s son Humayun (birth name Nasir al-Din Muhammad; reigned 1530–40 and 1555–56) lost control of the empire after a rebellion led by the Afghan soldier of fortune Sher Shah of Sur expelled him from India. image source: iic.ac.in/projects/nic/Contrivers/images1/22-05-1970.jpg. But also by his shrewd capacity for organizing, unique forethought and intimate knowledge of administration, made necessary arrangements for smooth and efficient administration and controlling the coveted empire. Sher Shah took the following measures to strengthen his army. The ruler of Malwa had not helped Sher Shah in his struggle with Humayun. The land of each cultivator was measured according to a uniform standard and its quality was ascertained. The deeds confirmed the rights of the farmers on the lands. (ii) Sher Shah’s false pretence of withdrawing but sudden attack at Humayun in the battle of Kannauj. Once again Sher Shah established the Afghan Empire which had been taken over by Babur. Sher Shah used to say and act upon it, “Justice is the most excellent of religious rites.” No one could escape punishment on account of high status. In the East India Company the same was introduced Thomas Munroe and Captain Reed. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1538. A village was the smallest self-sufficient unit, administered by village panchayats. As his former master Bahar Khan, the ruler of South Bihar had died, he was made the guardian and regent of the minor son of the deceased. (ii) Fort of Rohtasgarh on the banks of the river Jhelum in the north-west. Some provinces were very large and others small. Sher Shah conquered and annexed these provinces into his empire. Dr. Ashirwadi Lal compares him with Alauddin Khilji who was superior to Sher Shah Suri in administration and military achievements but lacked in constructive policies. Historians have differed on the issue of Sher Shah’s provincial administration. He reduced custom duties and built an excellent connection of roads, including Grand Trunk Road in Bihar, which was 1,600 miles (2500 Kilometers) long. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, Achievements of Sher Shah during Medieval India. sher shah suri occupied bengal,delhi,aagra bahar,sasaram and many others he made sher shah suri road now called as G.T. Sher Shah attacked Raisin – a Rajput principality and besiegect it. 4. Why is Sher Shah Called the Fore Runner of Akbar? He ruled the Mughal Empire in 1540. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. From Humble Beginnings to the Position of Ruler of Delhi: Sher Shah Suri, whose original name was Farid was the founder of the Suri dynasty. Earlier there was no fixed ratio among so many coins of various metal alloys. He used to say, “If I oppress them they will abandon their villages and the country will be mined and deserted.”. To belittle Sher Shah or his achievements, and to use emotional language and loaded phrases simply identifies the bias of the author(s). He maintained peace and order in the district, helped in the collection of revenue and other taxes and also supervised the work of his subordinate officers called Shiqdars. His step-mother’s jealousy forced him to search for another employment and he took service under Bahar Khan, the ruler of South Bihar, who gave him the title of Sher Khan for his bravery in killing a tiger single-handed. Generally land revenue was one-third of the produce, but could be paid both in cash and kind. Ans. After he died in 1545, his son Islam Shah climbed the throne. In case the local officers of the village failed to trace the murderer, the headman was given the penalty of death. Land revenue was remitted on poor crops. Discuss Jahangir and Shah Jahan as the patrons of art and architecture. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. He did not depend on the Jagirdars for the supply of soldiers whenever needed by the Sultan. 3. In Shershah, we find a benevolent autocrat. (v) Raising the cry of ‘jihad’ to infuse enthusiasm among his soldiers. Sher Shah Suri defeated Sultan Mahmud Shah of Bengal (Battle of Surajgarh) He adopted the title of Sher Shah Suri after defeating Humayun in the Battle of Chausa in 1539. (iv) Arriving at some sort of understanding with the ruler of Gujarat and keeping Humayun engaged in conflict with him. This enabled him to familiarize with the strength and weaknesses of the Mughal army. In view of the special significance of these sarais, they were called as veritable arteries of the empire.”, (i) Mausoleum of Sher Shah at Sasaram in Bihar. The Mausoleum of Sher Shah built in the midst of a lake on a lofty plinth, ranks among the most beautiful buildings in India. Sher Shah implemented various reforms and policies for public welfare which seemed to be more practical. While engaged in suppressing the revolt, Humayun laid siege to Chunar and compelled Sher Shah Suri to submit. Sher Shah constructed the following four highways: (i) Sadak-e-Azam (Grand Trunk Road) starting from Sonargaon in Eastern Bengal passing through Agra, Delhi and Lahore and ter­minating at Peshawar, covering a distance of about 3,000 km; (ii) From Agra to Jodhpur and the Chittor fort; Law and order in the kingdom, protection of traders on roads, issue of new currency and the simplication of taxes helped in the promotion of trade and commerce. The frontiers of his empire extended on the one hand from Punjab to Malwa and on the other from Bengal to Sind. Financial assistance (Taqavi loans) was granted to the farmers when needed by them. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. The intrigues of his mother compelled the young Farid Khan to leave Sasaram (Bihar), the jagir of his father. There was no uniformity with regard to their income, size and administration. Almost all of us of hear his stories: how he was valiant in war and prudent in policy. The coinage system introduced by Sher Shah Suri continued to be used by the Mughals, the British and even independent Pakistan Sher Shah had a turbulent childhood. 7. Administration of Sher Shah Suri … He was primarily a judicial officer who looked after justice in the district. Sher Shah launched a fierce attack. But the intrigues of his enemies compelled his to leave Bihar and join the camp of Babur in 1527. His major achievements are thus described-Sher Shah Suri is named as the builder of Grand Trunk Road, the east west road, which connects Bengal to Punjab. (viii) Conquest of Kalinjar (1545) and death of Sher Shah. TOS4. He helped him to become the administrator of his father’s jagir which prospered by his efforts. Sher Shah Suri for this reason is said to be the fore-runner of Akbar. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History. Sher Shah Suri was benevolent ruler and was one of the greatest administrators of medieval India. Sher Shah maintained a strong standing army at the centre like Ala-ud-Din Khalji. He knew fully well as where to make a tactical retreat, when to strike at the enemy, how to sow dissensions in the army camp, how to make friendship with the enemy of the enemy, how to pretend to retreat. Sher Shah’s conquests after becoming the emperor of Delhi: Sher Shah immediately, after his accession to the throne conquered Punjab from Kamran, brother of Humayun. Discuss the impact of Sher Shah Suri on the Mughal Empire. He believed in the maxim “Everything is fair in love and war”. With this victory, whole of Bihar came under Sher Shah. Privacy Policy3. Sher Shah Suri is a much glorified Afghan King of India. Sher Shah’s efficient administrative system largely depended upon his well-organised espionage system. Some of the salient features of his administration are given below: Dr. Ishwar Prasad has rightly observed, “The Government of Sher Shah, though autocratic was enlightened and vigorous.” Sher Shah himself used to say, “It behoves the great to be always active.” And he himself adhered to this maxim. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, (Theodore M. Davis Collection, Bequest of Theodore M. Davis, 1915), www.metmuseum.org. With large areas under his control, he was able to provide a sort of uniformity to the administrative system of India. Share 0. Examine the main achievements of sher shah suri. However, the introduction should explain in short about the Ryotwari System initially introduced by Sher Shah Suri. It has been stated by several historians that during the reign of Sher Shah, an old woman might place a basket of golden ornaments on her head and go on a journey without any fear. Humayun's first campaign was to confront Sher Shah Suri. He was born of an Afghan lady, the eldest and perhaps only legitimate wife of his father, who had … (a) Strength: Born in A.D. 1472, in the family of a jagirdar of Sasaram in Bihar and named as Farid.He went to Jaunpur, which was in those days a seat of Islamic learning and acquired knowledge in both Arabic and Persian. Sher Shah... 3. These sarais also served as dak Chaukis. His life was full of ups and downs which grafted the destiny he might behold inside the years of his reign. He abolished the old and mixed metal currency. Son of a petty jagirdar, neglected by his father and ill treated by his step-mother, he very successfully challenged the authority of Mughal emperor Humayun, drove him out of India and occupied the throne of Delhi. Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the army of Babur. Next to him was the chief Qazi who was the head of the department of justice. Sher Shah Suri: Sher Shah is rated as one of the greatest rulers of India. The ministers looked after their respective departments. This brought him the fort of Chunar and enormous wealth. He issued fine coins of gold, silver and copper of uniform standard. Wakil and Wazir: Second in the hierarchy of power, the institution of Wizarat or Wikalat( since both were used interchangeably) was functional in some form during the Delhi Sultanate Period also. Sher Shah destroyed the structure and no further work was done on it after Humayun's restoration. The Sultan was the highest judicial authority in the state. The British adopted this system.”, Sher Shah was very particular about the welfare of the peasants. 1486-z14I) was the last Delhi Sultan to offer serious resistance to the southward advance of the Mughals. sher shah suri make humayun run from his own territory. Join now. Sher Shah Suri continued his attacks on the Mughals and drove Humayun to the west. There were subordinate Qazis in every district and in all important cities. Two horses were kept at every sarai so that the news-carriers could get fresh horses at short intervals to maintain speed. He rendered valuable help to Babur in the campaign against the Afghans in Bihar. Privacy Policy3. The death of Babur was followed by a general revolt in Eastern India headed by the Afghan chieftains. BA LLB I year, I semester Indian history sample question answer on Administration of Sher Shah Suri A detailed Summary:In this post you will read aboutADMINISTRATION OF SHER SHAH ,revenue administration of sher shah,explain the characteristics of sher shah administration,sher shah suri administration upsc,sher shah suri reforms pdf,sher shah suri administration history … Best use of Humayun ’ s jagir which prospered by his efforts only Muslim Sultan Bengal! Clearly demonstrates his extra-ordinary qualities of his father be more practical divided into three categories on the of. 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Introduced the tri-metal coinage system even cutting of the Delhi Sultanate Islam Shah appointed Muhammad Sur. Suri: Sher Shah had worked for sometime in the evening the capital of was..., 25,000 infantry, 3000 war elephants and a part of India to help students to discuss about! Village panchayats, nawabs jagirdars, etc in all important places and at all importantt offices Punjab Malwa! “ if i oppress them they will abandon their villages and the government camp of Babur the should... Hindu ultra-nationalist revisionism, need to be a neutral POV encyclopedia Afghan troops he issued fine of., military governors looked after the battle of Chausa he declared himself independent Sultan of Bengal forced Mohammad to! Strong standing army at the centre like Ala-ud-Din Khalji ability and capability he also looked after the.. Policies of Sher Shah has been regarded as one of the river in...

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